Therefore, there can be one and the same day, enjoy the sun, sea bathing and downhill skiing. On the eastern plains are found steppes with chernozem-like chestnut soils, and the extreme south is covered with meadows and peat bogs. The Chilean Andes contain many high peaks and volcanoes; Ojos del Salado (22,539 ft/6,870 m high) is the second highest point in South America. The Capital City of Chile(officially named Republic of Chile) is the city of Santiago. Chile’s principal trading partners are Japan (accounting for 11.2 percent of its exports and 3.7 percent of its imports), the Federal Republic of Germany (14.4 percent and 7.1 percent), the USA (8.8 percent and 29.2 percent), Great Britain (8.2 percent and 2.8 percent), Argentina (6.8 percent and 17 percent, in 1974), Brazil (5.8 percent and 4.3 percent), Italy (6.5 percent of exports), and Ecuador (4 percent of imports). Most of the coal mines are found around Lota and Coronel in Concepción Province. The development of an independent Chilean state (1818–1917). The Alessandri government (1958–64) pursued a policy of involving the country in the plots of foreign capitalists and suppressing the labor movement. took control of the country. It arose from provisions of the Treaty of Ancón (1883), which ended the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of the)...... Click the link for more information. 306,464), capital of Biobío region, S central Chile, near the mouth of the Biobío River. In foreign policy the military fascist government is guided by the USA. Learn. La Serena offers a luxurious lifestyle to both international and local tourists especially those escaping the heat of Santiago. Petroleum refineries and petrochemical plants are located for the most part in Concepción, Concón, and Manantiales, and the chemical industry is largely confined to Valparaiso, Santiago, and Antofagasta. Santiago has a concentration of industries producing foodstuffs, shoes, textiles, clothes, and metallurgy and copper mining. Some 90 percent of all foreign trade cargo is handled by maritime shipping. In 1822, Great Britain granted Chile a loan of 5 million pesos, thereby inaugurating the flow of British capital into the Chilean economy and strengthening British influence on the country’s political life. In 1951, M. Solari staged the first national ballet, Orrego Salas’ The Threshold of a Dream, which incorporated folk music. Santiago is the largest city in Chile and Houses executive and judicial branches of gov Chile established diplomatic relations with other countries. A military-fascist junta headed by the army commander General A. Pinochet Ugarte came to power. The 1938 presidential election was won by the Popular Front candidate, the radical P. Aguirre Cerda, whose government promulgated some progressive measures, notably a labor law and a law providing bank credit for peasants, but under pressure from the reactionaries it backed away from agrarian reform. The rise of the laboring classes was marked by unionization, and there were many Marxists who advocated complete social reform. Illegal publications include the newspaper El Siglo, the organ of the Communist Party of Chile, and the journal Los Principios, the party’s theoretical organ. Throughout the 19th century theaters, including private ones, were established in many towns. Approximately 60 percent of the physicians are located in the central province of Santiago. have a dry climate with an annual precipitation of 100–200 mm; the central parts (to 38° S lat.) Radio broadcasting was begun in the 1920’s. Tourism forms are the primary economic activity of both Santiago and Valparaiso. The major products are copper and other minerals, processed food, fish meal, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transportation equipment, and textiles. In 1980 there were 134 radio stations. (who had instituted a program of labor reforms during his tenure from 1920 to 1924, and who commanded widespread popular support) was recalled (1925) as a caretaker until elections were held. A leader of a liberal, anticlerical group, he was sent as minister (1878) to Argentina, where he successfully prevented Argentina from entering the War of the Pacific...... Click the link for more information. (SeeOCEANIA for the ancient culture of Easter Island.). Deposits of saltpeter (chiefly sodium nitrate), salt, gypsum, and borates are found in the salt flats (salares) of the Longitudinal Valley. The region's scanty population is concentrated along the coast and in oases; the ports of AricaArica, city (1992 pop. In Feb., 2010, the country was struck by a devastating earthquake, and significant aftershocks occurred in subsequent weeks. The leading imports in 1974 were foodstuffs (33.1 percent of the total value of imports), machinery and transport equipment (23 percent), fuel (14.3 percent), and chemical products (11.8 percent). Agriculture is the main occupation of about 15% of the population; it accounts for about 6% of the national wealth, and produces less than half of the domestic needs. While still febrile, she traveled to Santiago, the, Sao Paulo, Brazil's largest city, has 11,000 buses for 12 million people; Santiago, the, It is located about 850 km northeast of the, 10 questions from the quiz 1) What is the, From there he will be moving on to Santiago, the. The most important 19th-century composers were M. Robles, J. Zapiola, and E. Ortiz de Zarate, who wrote the first Chilean opera, Flower Girl From Lugano (1895). Under pressure from the reactionary forces, O’Higgins resigned and emigrated. Urban dwellers account for 80.5 percent of the population (1975); 75 percent of them live in the central regions. The largest output comes from the María Elena and Pedro de Valdivia mines in Tocopilla Province. A national style was championed by the composers C. Lavin, P. H. Allende Sarón, C. Isamitt Alarcón, R. Acevedo, and J. Urrutia Blondel, whereas European musical trends were closely followed by the composers E. Soro, D. Santa Cruz (Wilson), A. Letelier Liona, J. Orrego Salas (who moved to the USA in 1961), and G. Becerra. Dedicated Mar. Between 1971 and 1976 the population grew at an average annual rate of 1.8 percent. In the early 1930’s there were demonstrations protesting against the dictatorship. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, The 10 Biggest Shopping Malls In The World. The journal Revista Musical Chilena, founded in 1945 as Revista Musical, has appeared since 1946. The navy of about 24,000 men (3,800 marines) has three cruisers, 12 destroyers, six submarines, two frigates, four torpedo boats, six patrol boats, and six landing craft. In 1975 the livestock numbered 3.6 million head of cattle, 5.9 million sheep, 800,000 goats, and 900,000 pigs. What is the capital of Chile? Learn term:santiago = what is the capital of chile? STUDY. Since about 1950 the principles of modern architecture have been employed by the architects S. Larrain, E. Duhart, R. Dávila, and J. Martinez in designing large industrial and public complexes, high-rise buildings, and residential districts on the outskirts of Santiago, Arica, and other cities. Costumbrismo also influenced the autobiographical and memoir literature of the period. In subtropical Central Chile (as far as 42° S lat.) Nearly 90% of the people are at least nominally Roman Catholic. 276,737), capital of Valparaiso region, central Chile. Consumer confidence cratering at worst possible time. The region's provinces are Ñuble, Bío Bío, Arauco, and Concepción. The most popular illustrated weekly magazines are Vea (since 1939, circulation 180,000) and Ercilla (since 1934, circulation 300,000). After independence (1818), the relative stability of Chile’s political life made it a haven for literary men from other Latin American countries. A new era in film-making began in the late 1950’s. The largest copper-molybdenum mines are Chuquicamata in El Loa Province, El Salvador in Chañaral Province, and El Teniente in Cachapoal Province; together with the Rio Blanco and Exótica mines in Santiago Province, these three deposits yield 85 percent of Chile’s copper output. American films again filled the country’s screens. With the expansion of crafts and industry, chiefly mining, the number of workers increased. In the 2013 presidential election, Bachelet ran for a second term and, after falling short of an outright victory in the first round, handily won the runoff, defeating conservative Evelyn Matthei Fornet. The army of about 50,000 men is organized into five infantry divisions, two tank regiments, three cavalry regiments, one airborne regiment, and several antiaircraft and service units. Large-scale unemployment also had occurred after World War I when the nitrate market collapsed. Almost all the country’s rivers are short and drain into the Pacific Ocean. An optimistic portrayal of the workers’ struggle and political and spiritual evolution may be found in the novels Son of Saltpeter (1952) and Seed in the Sand (1957) by V. Teitelboim (born 1916) and the novels The Cell (1958; Russian translation, Olga, 1962) and Wind of Wrath (1961) by E. Delano (born 1910). The population of Santiago in the year 2002 was 200,792. , head of the Popular Unity party, a coalition of leftist political parties, won a plurality of votes in the presidential election and became the first Marxist to be elected president by popular vote in Latin America. Valukin remained there until 1972, training teachers and performers of classical dance and introducing improved teaching methods. The official calendar is the Gregorian. The main economic activities are livestock raising for meat and milk and the cultivation of grain crops. Chile also claims a sector of Antarctica. In 1922 the Socialist Workers’ Party was transformed into the Communist Party of Chile. Touring foreign companies figured prominently in the country’s musical life; the first operatic performances were given by an Italian company that visited the country in 1830. There are also internal security forces, the Carabineros, numbering 30,000 men. , an island shared with Argentina. The military fascist coup of 1973 arrested the development of Chile’s art. Members of both houses are elected from two-seat districts. , one of the world's largest copper-mining centers, long produced much of Chile's annual output, but the mine at Escondida now surpasses it. Some 1.2 million ha are irrigated. Other major Creolists were F. Gana (1867–1926), R. Maluenda (born 1885), F. Santiván (born 1886), and L. Durand (1895–1954). For a while, the promise seemed to be working. The Chon and the Chango were essentially fishermen and hunters; the Atacameño herded llamas and alpacas, raised crops using irrigation, and worked gold, silver, and copper; and the Araucanians cultivated potatoes and corn and raised sheep. Since 2004 a number of former senior military officers in Pinochet's régime have been convicted of crimes relating to murders and other human rights offenses following the coup. 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