The main points of emphasis of his teachings are stated in more detail in Theology of Pope Benedict XVI. Just a year after its foundation in 1990 Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger joined [242], In November 2010, in a book-length interview, the pope, using the example of male prostitutes, stated that the use of condoms, with the intention of reducing the risk of HIV infection, may be an indication that the prostitute is intending to reduce the evil connected with his immoral activity. On 9 May 2005, Benedict XVI began the beatification process for his predecessor, Pope John Paul II. ", Address of his Holiness Benedict XVI on the occasion of Christmas greetings, Pope denounces gay marriage as 'people manipulating their God-given gender to suit sexual choices', Pope: Straight marriage must be 'defended from misrepresentation', "Pope Benedict XVI message for 93rd World Day of Migrants and Refugees", "Pope offers prayers to refugees for United Nations' World Refugee Day", "The Pope Emeritus is praying for migrants and refugees", "Letter of Pope Benedict XVI to Chinese Catholics, 27 May 2007", "Pope urges talks to make Korean Peninsula nuclear free", "Pope Benedict Backs Turkey's European Union Bid", "Pope did not change stance on Turkey and EU", "Common Declaration by His Holiness Benedict XVI and Patriarch Bartholomew I", "David D'Or and Dudu Fisher Sing for the Pope", "BBC NEWS – Asia-Pacific – Vietnamese leader meets pontiff", "Relations progress as Vietnamese president meets with Pope", "Pope Benedict XVI calls for new economic system based on love in G8 message", "Pope calls for disarmament, backs nuke energy". He stated that "sex is no longer a given element of nature, that man has to accept and personally make sense of: it is a social role that we choose for ourselves", and "The words of the creation account: "male and female he created them" (Gen 1:27) no longer apply". It is a message that helps to overcome what can be considered the great temptation of our time: the claim, that after the Big Bang, God withdrew from history. Benedict XVI to witness the beatification of Albino Luciani, "Letter No. On 19 September 2010, during his visit to the United Kingdom, Benedict personally proclaimed the beatification of John Henry Newman. A book called Joseph and Chico: A Cat Recounts the Life of Pope Benedict XVI was published in 2007 which told the story of the Pope's life from the feline Chico's perspective. [164] On 1 May 2010, the Vatican issued a statement denouncing Maciel's "very serious and objectively immoral acts", which were "confirmed by incontrovertible testimonies" and represent "true crimes and manifest a life without scruples or authentic religious sentiment." He is best known for his rigid views on Catholicism and topics such as birth control and homosexuality. Let us pray so that the primacy of Peter, entrusted to poor human beings, may always be exercised in this original sense desired by the Lord, so that it will be increasingly recognised in its true meaning by brothers who are still not in communion with us.". [144] His visit to Turkey, an overwhelmingly Muslim nation, was initially overshadowed by the controversy about a lecture he had given at Regensburg. [273] His favorite composer is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, of whose music he said: "His music is by no means just entertainment; it contains the whole tragedy of human existence. His visit was met by nationalist and Islamic protesters[145] and was placed under unprecedented security measures. "[137] The then President of Venezuela, Hugo Chávez demanded an apology, and an indigenous organisation in Ecuador issued a response which stated that "representatives of the Catholic Church of those times, with honourable exceptions, were accomplices, deceivers and beneficiaries of one of the most horrific genocides of all humanity. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Pope Benedict Xvi de la plus haute qualité. [80] On 16 January 2013, Pope Benedict transferred responsibility for catechesis from the Congregation for the Clergy to the Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelization.[81]. This document set out the then reigning Pope's position on the case for worldwide redistribution of wealth in considerable detail and goes on to discuss the environment, migration, terrorism, sexual tourism, bioethics, energy and population issues. [224], In November 2017, images emerged on the Facebook page of the Bishop of Passau Stefan Oster of Benedict with a black eye; the bishop and author Peter Seewald visited the former pope on 26 October since the pair were presenting Benedict with the new book Benedict XVI – The German Pope which the Passau diocese created. Such treatment deserves condemnation from the Church's pastors wherever it occurs. 'The Jewish people were once the chosen people. Supreme Order of Christ, Order of the Golden Spur, Order of Pius IX, Equestrian Order of St. Gregory the Great and the Order of St. Sylvester. "[55][56] On 19 April 2005, he was elected on the second day after four ballots. During his visit to Brazil in 2007, Pope Benedict XVI presided over the canonization of Frei Galvão on 11 May, while George Preca, founder of the Malta-based M.U.S.E.U.M., Szymon of Lipnica, Charles of Mount Argus and Marie-Eugénie de Jésus were canonized in a ceremony held at the Vatican on 3 June 2007. In his retirement, Benedict XVI has made occasional public appearances alongside Francis. In 2007, Pope Benedict visited Brazil to address the Bishops' Conference there and canonize Friar Antônio Galvão, an 18th-century Franciscan. [43], On 24 March 1977, Ratzinger was appointed Archbishop of Munich and Freising. Only in this friendship do we experience beauty and liberation....When we give ourselves to Him, we receive a hundredfold in return. [209] He attended the beatification of Pope Paul VI in October 2014. He is a member of several scientific academies, such as the French Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques. Pope Benedict XVI, Rome, Italy. Dear Brothers and Sisters, The Word of God this Sunday the second to the last Sunday of the liturgical year invites us to be vigilant and hardworking, in the expectation of the Lord's return at the end of time. [76] They were canonized on 21 October 2012. Georg Ratzinger, in his private chapel at the Vatican. Thank you.[59]. Speculation about its invalidity is simply absurd," he wrote. «And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it». He also visited Poland and Spain, where he was enthusiastically received. He attended the elementary school in Aschau am Inn, which was renamed in his honour in 2009. "[268], In 2009, the Pope intervened in global economic and political affairs with his third encyclical, Charity in Truth (Latin Caritas in veritate), which can be viewed on the Vatican's web site. zum offiziellen Besuch in Deutschland", "Pope Benedict XVI begins first U.S. tour", "Bush, Thousands of Fans Welcome Pope at White House on His Birthday", "Pope Benedict Says Mass Before 47,000 in New Washington Stadium", "After Ground Zero Prayer, Pope Ministers to 60,000 in Stadium", "Pope apologises for 'evil' of child sex abuse", "Pope OK after woman knocks him down at Mass", "Pope delivers Christmas blessing after fall", "Pope Benedict forgives Susanna Maiolo one day after she knocked him down during Christmas Eve Mass", "Wrap-up: Pope Benedict's historic Malta visit ends", "Money paved way for Maciel's influence in the Vatican", "Will Ratzinger's past trump Benedict's present? Pope Benedict chose to remove the title at a time when discussions with the Orthodox churches have centered on the issue of papal primacy. [241] TIME also reported in its edition of 30 April 2006 that the Vatican's position remains what it always has been with Vatican officials "flatly dismiss[ing] reports that the Vatican is about to release a document that will condone any condom use. Benedict chose to be known by the title "pope emeritus" upon his resignation. In 1997, when he turned 70, Ratzinger asked Pope John Paul II for permission to leave the Congregation of the Doctrine of Faith and to become an archivist in the Vatican Secret Archives and a librarian in the Vatican Library, but Pope John Paul ll refused his assent.[52][53]. [50] Later, as pope, he was accused in a lawsuit of conspiring to cover up the molestation of three boys in Texas, but sought and obtained diplomatic immunity from liability. He further said that "The Lord wins in the end. [83], "Friendship with Jesus Christ" is a frequent theme of his preaching. Struck by the cardinal's distinctive garb, he announced later that day that he wanted to be a cardinal. Normally, five years must pass after a person's death before the beatification process can begin. Pope Benedict XVI in the United Kingdom. [225], On 13 January 2020, Benedict published a book expressing his view that the Church must maintain its discipline of clerical celibacy, in light of ongoing debate on the issue.[226]. Home World Pope Francis and Benedict XVI have been vaccinated World Pope Francis and Benedict XVI have been vaccinated Cardinal Medina Estévez first addressed the massive crowd as "dear(est) brothers and sisters" in Italian, Spanish, French, German and English, with each language receiving cheers from the international crowd, before continuing with the traditional Habemus Papam announcement in Latin. [97] The document was signed by Pope Benedict on Christmas Day, 25 December 2005. Pope Benedict XVI. Dear Brothers and Sisters, On this fourth and last Sunday of Advent, this year the liturgy presents the narrative of the Angel’s announcement to Mary. [148] During his stay in Austria, he also celebrated Mass at the Marian shrine Mariazell and visited Heiligenkreuz Abbey. The Pope emeritus’ words on … Italian police reported that the woman had previously attempted to accost the Pope at the previous Christmas Eve Mass, but was prevented from doing so. His prolific writings[13] generally defend traditional Catholic doctrine and values. Cardinal Clemens August Graf von Galen was beatified on 9 October 2005. [64] In October 2008, the following beatifications took place: Celestine of the Mother of God, Giuseppina Nicoli, Hendrina Stenmanns, Maria Rosa Flesch, Marta Anna Wiecka, Michael Sopocko, Petrus Kibe Kasui and 187 Companions, Susana Paz-Castillo Ramírez, and Maria Isbael Salvat Romero. September 2006) – BENEDIKT XVI", "Final Statement of Catholic-Muslim Forum", "Arab Reactions to the Pope's Visit Signs of Hope", "His Holiness the Dalai Lama Greets New Pope", "Italy: China blamed for absence of Papal audience for Dalai Lama", "Pope Softens Remarks on Conversion of Natives", "Pope tries to quell anger over speech he gave in Brazil", "Despite missteps, pope reaching out to other faiths", "The Pope Squares Off With Spain's Secular Champion", "Massive security for Pope's Turkey visit", "BBC NEWS – Europe – Pope honours Austrian Jewish dead", " Der Bundespräsident / Reden / Begrüßung Seiner Heiligkeit Papst Benedikt XVI. Firstly, I remember Pope Benedict XV, that courageous prophet of peace, who guided the Church through turbulent times of war. He is the first pope to resign since Gregory XII in 1415, and the first to do so on his own initiative since Celestine V in 1294. "[57] Ratzinger had hoped to retire peacefully and said that "At a certain point, I prayed to God 'please don't do this to me'...Evidently, this time He didn't listen to me. ROME — Pope emeritus Benedict XVI will receive the coronavirus vaccine as soon as it becomes available, his personal secretary revealed Tuesday. [29] Ratzinger then trained in the German infantry. He was succeeded by Pope Francis on 13 March 2013, and he moved into the newly renovated Mater Ecclesiae Monastery for his retirement on 2 May 2013. He said that this self-amputation of reason leads to pathologies of religion such as terrorism and pathologies of science such as ecological disasters. Benedict’s election as pope occurred in the 2005 papal conclave that followed the death of Pope John Paul II. At the balcony, Benedict's first words to the crowd, given in Italian before he gave the traditional Urbi et Orbi blessing in Latin, were: Dear brothers and sisters, after the great Pope John Paul II, the Cardinals have elected me, a simple, humble labourer in the vineyard of the Lord. [222], On 28 June 2017, Benedict received the newly created cardinals in his chapel and "spoke with all of them in their native tongue" while also remarking that they were "from the four continents, the whole church". On the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons clarified that the Church's position on homosexuality was that "although the particular inclination of the homosexual person is not a sin, it is a more or less strong tendency ordered toward an intrinsic moral evil; and thus the inclination itself must be seen as an objective disorder. On 7 May, he took possession of his cathedral church, the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran. In April 2009, he canonized Arcangelo Tadini, Bernardo Tolomei, Nuno Álvares Pereira, Geltrude Comensoli, and Caterina Volpicelli. [15] Pope Benedict also revived a number of traditions, including elevating the Tridentine Mass to a more prominent position. His sister, Maria Ratzinger, who never married, managed Cardinal Ratzinger's household until her death in 1991. This was Benedict XVI's first Christmas without his brother Georg, although his presence was somehow felt, says Archbishop Georg Gänswein, the personal secretary of the Pope emeritus. In April, the Vatican issued guidelines on how existing Church law should be implemented. [54] While Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Ratzinger repeatedly stated he would like to retire to his house in the Bavarian village of Pentling near Regensburg and dedicate himself to writing books. The inscription on the statue, according to Cardinal Giovanni Lajolo, has the coat of arms of the two popes to symbolize the fact that the statue was commissioned by Benedict XVI, and consecrated by Francis.[207]. [164][173] According to Schönborn, Cardinal Ratzinger had pressed John Paul II to investigate Hans Hermann Groër, an Austrian cardinal and friend of John Paul accused of sexual abuse, resulting in Groër's resignation. Vatican spokesman Matteo Bruni said in a statement, "I can confirm that as part of the vaccination program of the Vatican City State, as of today, the first dose of … "[95], Pope Benedict wrote three encyclicals: Deus caritas est (Latin for "God is Love"), Spe Salvi ("Saved by Hope"), and Caritas in veritate ("Love in Truth"). Archbishop Georg Gänswein has spoken about life with Pope emeritus Benedict XVI and a personally challenging year. The canonizations were part of a Mass that marked the conclusion of the General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops and the Year of the Eucharist. Angelus. For this I am deeply grateful to him, and as his brother in Christ I have taken up his fine work and added a few contributions of my own. 22/06/2020. The last pope named Benedict was Benedict XV, an Italian who reigned from 1914 to 1922, during World War I (1914–1918). Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: Benedictus XVI; Italian: Benedetto XVI; German: Benedikt XVI. Following meetings with various dignitaries on his first day on the island, 50,000 people gathered in a drizzle for Papal Mass on the granaries in Floriana. Biographer Andrea Tornielli suggested that Cardinal Ratzinger had wanted to take action against Maciel Degollado, but that John Paul II and other high-ranking officials, including several cardinals and notably the Pope's influential secretary Stanisław Dziwisz, prevented him from doing so. "[264] The Declaration also reiterates Pope Benedict XVI's call for Europe to preserve its Christian roots. Pope Benedict has stated that he chose his papal name to honor both Saint Benedict, the patron saint of Europe, and Pope Benedict XV, who, as pope during World War I, worked tirelessly to end the war. The guideline dictates that "Civil law concerning reporting of crimes... should always be followed. In his 1968 book Introduction to Christianity, he wrote that the pope has a duty to hear differing voices within the Church before making a decision, and he downplayed the centrality of the papacy. [180][181][182], Pope Benedict XVI re-introduced several papal garments which had fallen into disuse. Benedict was talking to the new Japanese ambassador to the Vatican. Ratzinger became a professor at the University of Bonn in 1959, with his inaugural lecture on "The God of Faith and the God of Philosophy". [96], The encyclical contains almost 16,000 words in 42 paragraphs. Additionally, I recall Saint Benedict of Nursia, co-patron of Europe, whose life evokes the Christian roots of Europe. Bush. [71] In October of the same year he canonized Jeanne Jugan, Jozef Damian de Veuster, Zygmunt Szczęsny Feliński, Francisco Coll Guitart and Rafael Arnáiz Barón. [185] A few days later an unconfirmed rumor emerged that Pope Benedict had undergone an operation in preparation for an eventual bypass operation, but this rumor was only published by a small left-wing Italian newspaper and was never confirmed by any Vatican insider. Also in 2006, Benedict met Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury and spiritual head of the Anglican Communion. No! [214] In his reception address, Benedict paid homage to his predecessor, John Paul II. [107], The Pope considered that allowing the Tridentine Mass to those who request it was a means to prevent or heal schism, stating that, on occasions in history, "not enough was done by the Church's leaders to maintain or regain reconciliation and unity" and that this "imposes an obligation on us today: to make every effort to enable for all those who truly desire unity to remain in that unity or to attain it anew. He isn't the first pope to do so, but he's the first in about 400 years. 01/07/2020. BENEDICT XVI . The first beatification under the new pope was celebrated on 14 May 2005, by José Cardinal Saraiva Martins, Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints. [32] As a German soldier, he was interned in a prisoner of war camp, but released a few months later at the end of the war in May 1945. He is the third and youngest child of Joseph Ratzinger Sr., a police officer, and Maria Ratzinger (née Peintner); his grand-uncle was the German priest-politician Georg Ratzinger. The 82-year-old fell but was assisted to his feet and he continued to proceed towards the altar to celebrate Mass. (lateinisch Benedictus PP.XVI; * 16. The battery in the pacemaker had been replaced three months earlier, a routine procedure, but that did not influence his decision. [75] In December 2011, Pope Benedict formally recognized the validity of the miracles necessary to proceed with the canonizations of Kateri Tekakwitha, who would be the first Native American saint, Marianne Cope, a nun working with lepers in what is now the state of Hawaii, Giovanni Battista Piamarta, an Italian priest, Jacques Berthieu, a French Jesuit priest and African martyr, Carmen Salles y Barangueras, a Spanish nun and founder of the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception, Peter Calungsod, a lay catechist and martyr from the Philippines, and Anna Schäffer, whose desire to be a missionary was unfulfilled on account of her illness. Pope Francis and former Pope Benedict XVI have received their first dose of COVID-19 vaccine in the Vatican. Although he didn't mention the topic, his words were interpreted by news media as denunciations of same-sex marriage,[252] with some sources adding that Benedict would have called it a threat to world peace similar to abortion and euthanasia. Pope Francis and Benedict XVI have been vaccinated against Covid-19, the Vatican has announced. standing for "Papa" ("Pope"). [240] However, the Vatican has since stated that no such change in the Church's teaching can occur. According to a statement from the Vatican, the timing of the resignation was not caused by any specific illness but was to "avoid that exhausting rush of Easter engagements". He plays the piano and has a preference for Mozart and Bach. After his resignation, Benedict XVI retained his papal name rather than reverting to his birth name. [210] Weeks before this, he joined Pope Francis in Saint Peter's Square for an audience with grandparents to honor their importance in society. The resignation of Pope Benedict XVI occurred on 28 February 2013 at 20:00 CET, after having been announced on the morning of 11 February 2013 directly by himself. Provided it does not degenerate into the promotion of special interests, this can help to stimulate forms of welfare solidarity from below, with obvious benefits in the area of solidarity for development as well. The Sacrament of Charity: Sacramentum Caritatis. März 1939, "New Pope Defied Nazis As Teen During WWII", "Chronology of the Life of Pope Benedict XVI", by Roman Guardini, 1996, reprint of 1954 first English translation, "Turbulence on Campus in 60's Hardened Views of Future Pope", "Cardinal Schönborn Explains What Ratzinger Students Will Discuss | ZENIT – The World Seen From Rome", "Ecumenism is of 'primary importance' to the Pope, says Cardinal Schönborn", "Pope Benedict One of Most Respected Theologians", "Cardinal Ratzinger, guardian of church doctrine, elected 265th pope", Biography of Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger / Pope Benedict XVI, Quotation from an October 2006 BBC documentary, "UK Bishops Angered by BBC Attack on Pope", "Pope seeks immunity in Texas abuse case", "Cardinal Ratzinger asked to resign in 1997, become Vatican librarian", "Before Smoke Rises at Vatican, It's Romans vs. the Reformers", "Does cardinal confusion spell a long conclave? [29] In 1941, one of Ratzinger's cousins, a 14-year-old boy with Down syndrome, was taken away by the Nazi regime and murdered during the Action T4 campaign of Nazi eugenics. Former pope Benedict XVI reported to be seriously ill. Ex-pontiff, 93, has shingles after being in poor health for some time, says German newspaper Published: 3 Aug 2020 . – autobiographical): Pursell, Brennan, Benedict of Bavaria: An Intimate Portrait of the Pope and His Homeland (Circle Press, 2008). He was the ninth German pope, the eighth having been the Dutch-German Pope Adrian VI (1522–23) from Utrecht. Pope Benedict XVI has written 66 books, three encyclicals, and three apostolic exhortations. ", " :: View topic – Pope's smitten with a kitten", "Pope rests with piano and cat ahead of World Youth Day", "Pope tweets a blessing from his new personal account", "Pope Benedict XVI's final day: Live Report", Vatican sends first tweet under Pope Francis, "Conferral of Honorary Citizenship of the Italian City of Romano Canavese, Benedict XVI, 17 March 2010", "Homily of His Holiness Benedict XVI, Terreiro do Paço of Lisbon Tuesday, 11 May 2010", Coat of Arms of His Holiness Benedict XVI,, Jesus of Nazareth: The Infancy Narratives, His Holiness: The Secret Papers of Benedict XVI, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution, Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart, Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII, Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary,, German prisoners of war in World War II held by the United States, Grand Crosses 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich alumni, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich faculty, Members of the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art, Members of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Members of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Participants in the Second Vatican Council, Recipients of the Bavarian Order of Merit, Recipients of the Grand Decoration with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria, Roman Catholic archbishops of Munich and Freising, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Pages with login required references or sources, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected biographies of living people, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2013, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All articles needing additional references, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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