So the endangered species of flora and fauna should be protected. New entries appear in bold. 2(16) of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 defines the word hunting. ***** Note: We hereby informing you that it is ideal first to watch videos with the legal eye so as to enhance your legal understanding of the Dynamics of written content loaded in this App. [36] The law also set up a Wildlife Crime Control Bureau for collecting details and investigating the offences against wildlife. India has a rich wildlife heritage. Even though there exist many other treaties, the above mentioned are considered one’s that plays the crucial role in protection and conservation of wild life. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. Chapter II (Section 3 to 8) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 provides for appointment of various authorities in national and state level for conservation and protection of wildlife. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. may appoint: ADVERTISEMENTS: (a) A Director of Wild Life Preservation (subordinate to the Central Govt.) The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, An Act to provide for the protection of [Wild animals, birds and plants] 1 and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. It has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection. The infamous blackbuck poaching controversy associated with Bollywood super celebrity Salman Khan is still in minds of people of India. The Act was amended several times and the Central Government is planning to bring one more in the near future. Short title, extent, and commencement, - (1) This Act may be called the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. The habitat destruction due to agriculture, industries, urbanisation and other human activities had led to the erosion of the country’s wildlife. 2 [***] CHAPTER 1 Preliminary 1. Wildlife protection act 1972 Introduction Wildlife Protection Act 1972 was passed on August 21, 1972, but was later implemented on September 9, 1972. India took big step by enacting The Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. [33] Special permission should be taken from Chief Wildlife Warden to enter such areas for photography, education, tourism etc. 2. The Wildlife Act was passed in 1972 to protect the wildlife and their habitats. Wild Life (Protection) Act of 1972 and Amendment, 1982. India being a diverse geography, home to 7 to 8 percent of all recorded species[8] on earth, is a major concern in the eyes of world, when it comes to the matter of wildlife. Section 35 to 38 talks about National Parks. [11] Hence, strict statutory measures are necessary to control such acts of anti-social elements. Available at: https://eparlib.nic.in/bitstream/123456789/1122/1/lsd_05_05_21-08-1972.pdf. Further, the then existing state legislations were felt inadequate in order to protect the wildlife of the country. It needs active steps to be taken for the existence and development of each species on earth. The Act also contains VI Schedules that categorises wildlife to determine the kind of protection needed to be provided. It provides for protection of wild animals, birds and plants ; and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. Before 1972, India only had five designated national parks . The jurisdiction of forests and wildlife came under the State governments, and each state government had a different policy in dealing with this subject. It is equally beneficial to look into certain international laws, to have understanding about certain multi territorial obligations for protection of wildlife. The Act was necessitated as some wild animals and birds had become already extinct while some others were on the verge of extinction. Wildlife Protection Act 1972 is also against Taxidermy, which is the preservation of a dead wild animal as a trophy, or in the form of rugs, preserved skins, antlers, horns, eggs, teeth, and nails. This is because of the fact that the “Forest” including “Wildlife” was then a State subject falling in Entry 20 List II of Seventh Schedule, Parliament had no power to make law on the same except as provided in Articles 249,250 and 252 of the constitution. The new law was necessary, as there was a need for better protection of wildlife species and prevention of depletion of them through exploitation by vested interests. PublishYourArticles.net - Publish Your Articles Now, Copyright infringement takedown notification template. [7] Hence, if we go through the above-mentioned laws, an attempt can be seen to be taken to protect and promote the wildlife population, as they are crucial for the ecological balance of the country. 53 of 1972 - 9 th September, 1972, as modified in 1991 ) An Act to provide for the protection of [Wild animals, birds and plants] and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. The day is now celebrated as the World Environment Day. [39] However, the Chief Wildlife Warden can issue certificates in specific cases for the  possession of them. 53 of 1972) (9th September, 1972) An Act to provide for the protection of [Wild animals, birds and plants]1 and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. Greater powers to enforcement authority. The rationale for passing Act as stated in its Statement of Objects and Reasons are as follows: 2. They also determine the areas in which protection has to be provided as well as the level of it. [20] The courts have tried to construct the true meaning of these clauses, in order to prevent the misuse by mere change in names of products from wild animals.[21]. M.C. PublishYourArticles.net is home of thousands of articles published by users like YOU. Cognizance can be taken [45]and bail will be allowed only after fulfilment of certain conditions. New Delhi: Nataraj Publishers. Provision to prohibit collection and exploitation of wild plants which are threatened with extinction. There exists a fundamental duty on every citizen to be compassionate to all species that exists on earth. [9] See The Minster of State in the Ministry of Agriculture, Motion to Introduce Wildlife Protection Bill, 21 August 1972, Lok Sabha Debates. It has to be noted that teasing or disturbing animals in zoos is prohibited under that Act. Victimization Of Victim Under Criminal Justice System, Speech & Expression & Defamation: with reference to the Indian Constitution. [19] The law has made a clear separation between wildlife and animals that can be domesticated. [7] See World Wild Fund For Nature India vs Union Of India And Ors. The law tries to bring a balance in such situations. act,1972 & Its importance. section 15; Crown land. 9. (MD)No.3631 of 2005 Available at: https://indiankanoon.org/doc/136108/?type=print. This was the first umbrella act which established schedules of protected plant an. In 1972, Parliament enacted the Wild Life Act (Protection) Act. WILDLIFE PROTECTION ACT 1972 1. The Act was amended subsequently in 1982, 1986, 1991 and 1993 to accommodate provision for its effective implementation. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species[53] is one of the major laws, that attempts to provide protection of species from illegal trade. Note - The information contained in this post is for general information purposes only. [23] Section 11, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [24] Section 12, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [25] Section 17A, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [26] Section 17H, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [27] Section 17C, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [28] Section 17B, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [29] Section 18, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [30] Section 30, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [31] Section 31, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [32] Section 32, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [33] Section 27, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [34] Section 28, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [35] Section 39J, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [36] Chapter IV B, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [37] Chapter IV C, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [38] Preserved parts or whole of animals as per Section 2(31), The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [39] Section 39, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [40] Section 40, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. There is necessity of strict laws that not only preserves the habitat of such species but also provides an optimum situation for people who live near to the ecosystem of such species and is dependent on the same for livelihood. 54 (1994) DLT 286 Available at : https://indiankanoon.org/doc/673546/. Articles made of Peacock feather are also exempted specifically. Some of the important Acts passed by the Government of India are discussed here. Provision to ban trade in Africa ivory. [3]  Hence, an attempt is made here to provide a holistic overview of The Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972, along with certain important case laws. Blackbuck Poaching Case | 1998-2018: A Timeline Of The Blackbuck Poaching Case. Greater say to individuals or NGOs in matter concerning wildlife protection. To protect the wildlife of the country the parliament of India passed Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 on the request made by eleven states. Copyright © 2015 PublishYourArticles.Net, All rights reserved. [18] Section 2(36), The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [19] Section 2(37), The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [20] Section 2(18A), The Wildlife (Protection Act, 1972, [21] See Cottage Industries Exposition Limited and Another v. Union of India and Others 2007 (148) ECR 7 Delhi Available at: https://indiankanoon.org/doc/1484203/, where court has constructed meaning of ‘animal article’ in Section 2(2), The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972  to include ‘uncured trophy’, ‘trophy’ and ‘scheduled animal article’, which only will provide true meaning to the intentions of the law. Md ) No.3631 of 2005 Available at: https: //zeenews.india.com/india/blackbuck-poaching-case-salman-khan-exempted-from-court-appearance-after-counsel-cites-covid-risk-2328051.html [ Accessed 10 January 2021.! Issued can also take place under certain cases hunting and the native (... Gets attacked through wild animals and birds had become already extinct while some others were on the Prevention Control! 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