Depending on the breed, sheep can be used for fibre, using wool and hair, as well as for meat production, or are sometimes used to produce dairy products. This process may be facilitated by a number of genetic resource flocks that are phenotyped for traits routinely recorded in the national evaluationthat are not A … All Rights Reserved. Dorper Sheep Breed Attiewestraad, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons. Their ancestors were brought down from the middle east by the Khoikhoin people. The breeding of fine-wool bearing sheep changed drastically in 1789 when merino sheep ( two rams and four ewes ) arrived in South Africa … Othman OEM, Payet-Duprat N, Harkat S, Laoun A, Maftah A, Lafri M et al. The breed is well adapted to the warm humid environment of … Its thick skin makes the Van Rooy less susceptible to external parasites. In South Africa, sheep breeds are a mix of the hairy indigenous breeds, fat-tailed and fat-rumped breeds, and South African developed composite ‘exotic’ breeds, such as the SA mutton Merino. This paper details the population genetic structure of South African indigenous, locally developed and introduced breeds using microsatellite markers, and the conservation implications of these results. Indigenous and locally developed breeds are an important asset for many reasons, but particularly because, over time, they have developed unique combinations of adaptive traits to respond to the pressures of the local environment. There are varieties of sheep breeds found in various parts of the world. breed. The Merino makes up numerically the largest sheep breed in South Africa with approximately 18 million country wide. Depending on the breed, sheep can be used for fibre, using wool and hair, as well as for meat production, or are sometimes used to produce dairy products. It is also known as SAMM or South African Mutton Merino sheep. The other two breeds which have originated under South African skies are the Nooitgedacht Pony and the SA Vlamperd. Introduction. One of the most fertile of sheep breeds that is hornless with good body length and a short light covering of hair and wool. two lambings per year with six-month intervals, with their first lambing at 11 months. The Afrino was developed at the Carnarvon Research Station. An ancient breed, the Ronderib Afrikaner sheep is believed to have originated in the Middle East and Northeast Africa. Surplus animals from the conservation breeding programs are sold to farmers. The Ile de France can be used for their milk and is classified as a dairy sheep in the USA. Merino farmers earn about two-thirds of their income from meat, but a … As their carcasses tend to be lean and small, the ‘Ronderib’ is often used as an additional breed in sheep farming. These are sheep breeds which are used for both meat and wool production. GENETIC DIVERSITY AND POPULATION STRUCTURE OF FOUR SOUTH AFRICAN SHEEP BREEDS . All animals were genotyped at 12 microsatellite loci. A South African ‘developed’ meat sheep, the fertile Van Rooy sheep was bred to thrive in the drier climates of Southern Africa, typical of fat-tail breeds. Animals may have red or black heads. Indigenous African sheep genetic resources have been classified into two main groups, fat-tailed and thin-tailed sheep. Have to produce a good slaughter lamb at an early age; 3. The sheep soon adapted to the climate of the south and south-western Free State and the north-eastern districts of what was then the Cape Province, and farmers increasingly used Van Rooy rams. All animals were genotyped at 12 microsatellite loci. Breeds of Livestock - South African Merino Sheep South African Merino. The BaPedi sheep is an ancient breed believed to have migrated south into the Limpopo province a few centuries A.D. It is bred exclusively for its meat, although its skin - the blackhead Persian specifically - can be used for the production of thin, high-grade leather products. Developed in South Africa, it arrived in New Zealand in 1998. Colouring can be brown, white, black or multi-coloured. It has a smooth, white-haired coat, highly suitable for light leather products such as gloves. The Damara is resistant to both internal and external parasites as well as sheep sickness and can utilise both shrubland and, unlike other sheep breeds, also leaves. However, this meat breed is now raised in many other places, too. Photo: Dorper Journal Origin of the breed The Dorper is the result of one of the most successful long-term livestock improvement programs in South Africa. The skin is highly prized for fine leather goods. Wool can contribute up to 20% of this breed’s income. The South African Merino is plainer than the Australian Merino … The Persian (or ‘Persie’ in Afrikaans) is a fat-tailed sheep, covered in hair and is, therefore, well-adapted to hot, arid climates. 1. Today, the breed is once more gaining popularity in South Africa, thanks to successes achieved with carcass conformation by the Van Rooy Sheep Breeders’ Society. These are divided as follows: • Blackhead Persian – 90% • Redhead Persian – 4% • Speckled Persian – 6%. Spanish sheep from Holland and a woolled sheep from Persia were imported but when breeding with the local sheep began the imported breeds soon disappeared. One of the oldest sheep breeds in South Africa, the Damara is a fat-tail breed suitable for farming in harsh and dry conditions. Examples of sheep breeds used in South Africa for meat and wool production include the Merino, Dohne Merino, South African Mutton Merino, Afrino Sheep and the Dormer. Cloete1,2#, J.J. Olivier3 and K. Dzama1 1Department of Animal Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa 2Institute for Animal Production: Elsenburg, Private Bag X1, Elsenburg 7607, South Africa . At the same time, some are raised for dairy purposes. Australian Status: International Status: CRITICAL Arrived in Australia: 2001 as embryos also thought to have arrived on the first fleet Australian Population: Ewes: 10 (2017) Distribution: History: The Namaqua Afrikaner is one of the oldest sheep breeds in South Africa. The three colour varieties of the Persian are the blackhead (90%), redhead (4%) and the speckled Persian (6%). This resulted in a hardy, fast-growing meat breed suitable for low-rainfall regions. This page was last edited on 27 June 2020, at 04:36. South African sheep breeds : Dorper sheep. Meatmaster lambs can be slaughtered at five months of age, at around 38 kg, and may yield a carcass of 17.5 kg. Contact Trade About Delivery ... 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