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Clarke cultiva aussi les sciences et la philologie. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Samuel_Clarke&oldid=994919977, Alumni of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, that there has existed from eternity some one immutable and independent being, that that immutable and independent being, which has existed from eternity, without any external cause of its existence, must be self-existent, that is, necessarily existing, what the substance or essence of that being is, which is self-existent or necessarily existing, we have no idea, neither is it at all possible for us to comprehend it, that though the substance or essence of the self-existent being is itself absolutely incomprehensible to us, yet many of the essential attributes of his nature are strictly demonstrable as well as his existence, and, in the first place, that he must be of necessity eternal, that the self-existent being must of necessity be infinite and omnipresent, must be not a necessary agent, but a being endued with liberty and choice. [27], The trajectory of the English controversy from 1712 involved at least ten writers. These became the source of Theophilus Lindsey's The Book of Common Prayer Reformed According to the Plan of the Late Dr. Samuel Clarke 1774, and other liturgical works. [9], On Sunday 11 May 1729, when going out to preach before the judges at Serjeants' Inn, Clarke had a sudden illness. In 1698 Clarke became a chaplain to the bishop of Norwich and in 1706 to Queen Anne. Menu Haut de page. GAO, Sicun CMU-CS-14-111, CMU-CS-14-112, CMU-CS-14-113. [25] By summer 1714 the debate on The Scripture Doctrine of the Trinity had ramified, and provoked a formal complaint from the Lower House of Convocation: the Blasphemy Act 1697 still made it an offence for "any person, educated in or having made profession of the Christian religion, by writing, preaching, teaching or advised speaking, to deny the Holy Trinity". Samuel Clarke (11 October 1675 – 17 May 1729) was an English philosopher and Anglican cleric. [17] Collins challenged Clarke on the ground of his substance dualism. Samuel Clarke (11 octobre 1675, Norwich - 17 mai 1729) est un théologien britannique. Il fut douze ans chapelain de l'évêque de Norwich ; devint en 1706 chapelain de la reine Anne, et en 1709 recteur de Saint-James. On lui doit des traductions latines de la Physique de Jacques Rohault (1697), de l'Optique de Newton (Londres, 1706, rééd. Byron Daniel. A similar form of moral rationalism is developed by the Cambridge Platonist Ralph Cudworth. [5], Clarke, however, came to adopt the new physical system of Newton; he used the vehicle of an annotated translation of a work on physics in the Cartesian tradition to comment on the superiority of the Newtonian system. He held that in relation to the will things possess an objective fitness similar to the mutual consistency of things in the physical universe. The correspondence also inquired into the origins of consciousness, personal identity, free will, and determinism. GARDNER, Kristen CMU-CS-14-143, CMU-CS-14-143R. He revised them, and left them ready for the press.[9]. ; cet ouvrage se compose de sermons prononcés à Saint-Paul pour la fondation de Robert Boyle ; l'auteur y combat avec force Spinoza et Thomas Hobbes : il veut n'employer que des arguments métaphysiques sur l'existence de Dieu et des démonstrations a priori. [30], In 1715 and 1716 Clarke had a discussion with Gottfried Leibniz on the principles of natural philosophy and religion, which was cut short when Leibniz died. The theory was criticized by Théodore Simon Jouffroy, Amédée Jacques, Sir James Mackintosh, Thomas Brown, Francis Hutcheson, and others,[9] but substantially defended by John Balguy against Hutcheson's sentimentalist case against moral rationalism. Il s’agit des ressources suivantes : le revenu de solidarité active, le revenu minimum d’insertion et le revenu supplémentaire temporaire d’activité [31], In 1719 Clarke was presented by Nicholas Lechmere, 1st Baron Lechmere, to the mastership of Wigston's hospital in Leicester. Email: hciiwebmaster [at] cs.cmu.edu Fax: 412-268-1266. Edmund M. Clarke. Nuclear & Particle Physics High Energy Physics Experiment Advisor: Parno. On a publié en 1717 sa correspondance avec Leibniz sur le temps, l'espace, la nécessité et la liberté. Julian Zimmer. [9], Maurice Wiles calls Clarke's views "moderate Arianism". Il publia en 1712 un traité de la Trinité, qui le fit passer pour antitrinitaire et lui attira quelques difficultés. Samuel Clarke est devenu membre de la Royal Society le 2 mai 1728. [14], The debate arose from a controversy of 1706 on the immortality of the soul. [9], In 1706 Clarke translated Newton's Opticks into Latin, for which the author presented him with £500. 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