“NATO and EU Enlargement: Challenges for the New Europe”, accessed from, Berndt Alexander (January 21, 2000). “Regional Integration in Latin America: Comparative Theories and Institutions”, accessed from, Mazrui, A. challenges to regional integration in africa: the case of the revived east africa community 2000-2012 gichohi marvin muhammad r50/69883/2011 a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment for the degree of master of arts in international studies.institute of diplomacy and international studies, university of nairobi august 2015 “Africa Regional Blocks: Unifying or Dividing”, African Executive, December 12, 200, p. 13. Adar G. Korwa (2008). Irrigation can play an important role in increasing agricultural productivity, expanding area under production and stabilising agricultural production in situations of adverse weather conditions. “African Without Borders”, Regional Integration and Policy Challenges in Africa. (April 20, 2010). (2011). The Africa Union recognizes seven Regional Economic Communities (REC namely: (i) Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), (ii) Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), (iii) Community for Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD), (iv) East Africa Community (EAC), (v) Economic Community of Central Africa States (ECCAS), (vi) Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), and (vii) Southern African Development Community (SADC). Ngeno, N. and G. Ikiara (January 9, 2009). This process is overseen by the governments of the specific states. “Reflection on Africa’s Historic and Cur rent Initiatives for Political and Economic Unity”, accessed from. A majority of East African Region citizens does not understand regional integration and the East African Community integration agenda. Economic Integration in East Africa: The Case of Ethiopia and Kenya Dawit Ayalew Alemneh Syracuse University Follow this and additional works at: https://surface.syr.edu/thesis Part of the Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons Recommended Citation Alemneh, Dawit Ayalew, "Economic Integration in East Africa: The Case of Ethiopia and Kenya" (2017). “Pan African Parliament and the Potential for Development of a Strong Continental Legislative”, accessed from. For regional integration in Africa to be a success, Africa’s leaders will have to move beyond grand gestures and abstract visions. “Europe’s World: Power to the Regions, but Not Farewell to the Nation State”, Europe’s World, Spring. Political economy of regional integration 24 Infographic: Moving Across East Africa 28 Intervention strategies and policies to strengthen regional integration 33 Notes 35 References 36 Annexes 39 Statistical annex 45 Boxes 1 The diversity of East Africa 6 2 Progress toward the African Continental Free Trade Area in East Africa 18 “Mariam, Organizational Effectiveness of Regional Integration Institutions: A Case Study of the EAC”, A Dissertation Presented to UNISA. pp 89-108 | Not affiliated (January 1, 2005). Byiers, Senior Policy Officer, ECDPM. Okungu, J. “UNU-CRIS Occaisonal Papers”, Inter Regionalism and the Future of Multilateralism. However, realising this outlook will depend on tackling several pressing challenges to regional integration, including improving port quality and logistics, lowering barriers to trade and investment, narrowing development gaps, and strengthening the regional economic governance. The Regional Virtual Market Place (RVMP) is an innovative project aiming at fostering regional economic growth and integration in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region as well as its integration with the rest of the world. Puchala J. Donald (1999). The EPA negotiations revealed important gaps between political ambitions and economic reality in African regional integration. of Africa’s development. 4 Cultural Centralization. Historically, countries in East Africa have at different times coalesced around forming some form of a currency union. Answers (1) What are the challenges encountered by African Union(AU)? “Institutionalism, Intergovernmentalism and European integration: A Review Article”. Journal of Social Sciences: Vol. The second part deals with the prospects and challenges of regional integration in Central Africa. Regional integration refers to the process of states coming together to sign agreements where they agree to cooperate in certain areas common to them. (December 26, 1999). Ketema, M. (2009). © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. “The Challenge of Regionalism”, Hallenbarg, J. “Regional Integration Study of East Africa. “Africa Union: New Wine in Old Bottles”, accessed from. Finally, the most displeasing behaviour of Tanzania in the regional integration is the Food Export Ban ; this does not only portray the country as an untrustworthy partner to fellow EAC Partner States, but it also demoralizes farmers who are forced to store their produces and face losses where they have no appropriate storage facilities. “EAC External Tariffs Spurs Imports Surge”. Date posted: May 25, 2017. But lack of complementarities among partners and diminishing returns to the exploitation of resources has reduced supply response to market … Odhiambo, A. (March 21, 2011). 4 Regional integration journey in Africa. 395–420. While integration issues are important and deserve media attention, it was surprising that Museveni, who is the current chairperson of the EAC, didn’t outline the main challenges facing regional integration and how he and his fellow leaders plan to resolve them. regional integration is ‘signifi cantly challenged’ as an approach to the sustainable development of economies. “Who owns the EAC?”, Presentation at DENVIA Public Dialogue on the EAC. Cite as. Bohwasi, P. (1999). Debates about the African integration agenda and indeed Africa’s strategy for integration into the global economy are emerging from these negotiations, which are still ongoing. “Tanzania Backs AU Stance On Refusing to Back Rebels”, accessed from, Malamud, A. Stephen Karingi, Director, Regional Integration . Part of Springer Nature. The Policy Prospects and Challenges for Regional Economic Integration in Africa: The Case of the East African Community Date posted: May 25, 2017. Ben Curtis (2004). East Africa: Challenges for Integration. Adar G. Korwa and M. Ngunyi (1992). 10 Cautious optimism for regional integration in sub-Saharan Africa Onyango J. Oloka (2005). The small, sparsely populated, fragmented, and often isolated economies across Africa make a compelling case for these economies to integrate regionally to, reap efficiency gains, exploit economies of scale, and reduce the thickness of borders. “The East African Political Federation: Progress, Challenges and Prospects for Constitutional Development”, A paper presented at the 10th Annual Udoma Symposium. Africa’s challenges call for pragmatism and a sense of urgency in action. (2011, August 28). REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN AFRICA: THE CHALLENGES AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY ON DEVELOPMENT (IGAD) Ipinmoye Ayodele Olu* & Saleh Dauda** Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Abuja, Abuja Abstract: This paper examines the concept of regional integration as a process in which Tanganyika joined after the First World War. Answers (1) The Great Lake Region consists of countries in east and central Africa (Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Uganda), forming a complex network of political and economic interactions with implications for peace issues, security and governance. Hooghe, L. and G. Marks (November 24, 2009). ÷/—é'°†“½Ÿv¯Œ£ý誎óÃýlÌ/µQ¿`¶cî™Áî;éû5³C;å{ë‡~ÓN¶Ÿîôÿ_RßfÓkÝ@v­:‹Õœdݺcîw„ÕžL;å–ù[ÇõïLê^6èdê _IÍßaçÿ–{ð¿v¼Ýy¿ÛéçÚ_ªÕÈ®íz¿Æ’rϬ³~—¾”íWMge'Ӈò Kÿ-÷üWÆ»ådëª7²}ë‰ÏP]Åz©7³Œì½Xõ¿:¾îԝºSwêNÿ=I¹ž›N¶.ï`½µ6=ØnEÏ®ÖodWuµÿ+IM8þ3dd|ËXñoéGYÄÎÖþ«ãùµ¤bÿ¿ìÿߙð9yA„ËÿÃã. 213-218. 20. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Regional Integration and Policy Challenges in Africa challenges of African regional integration. Over the last two decades, Kenya has actively participated in regional integration through various regional trading arrangements including the East African Community (EAC), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), and the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and lately the Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) and the African “The First East African War Could Be Fought Over Fish”, The East African Standard, Sunday, May 22–28, 2011. Fahamu (Oxford) ... Nyongo,A (ed)Regional Integration in Africa: Unfinished Agenda, African Academy of Sciences, 1990. Download preview PDF. What are the achievements of The East Africa Community(EAC)-2001? Langehove, L. V. and A. Cristina Costea (2005). “Fresh Trade War Looms in EA Over Wheat Exports”, Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER, Ibadan). “Plans for Joint EAC Axle Load Limits in Trouble”, The East African Standard, March 3, 2009. In Africa in particular, there has been a clamor and trend towards integration with numerous regional blocs being formed in various regions of the continent. Raheem A. Tajudeen (2006). Hettne, B., A. Inotai and O. Sunkel (eds) (1999). Poverty is still a heavy burden in Sub-Saharan Africa, with 35.2 percent of the population living on less than US$1.90 a … “Museveni’s Crackdown on Besigye Brings Tough Integration Issues into the Open”, The East African Standard, May 16–20, 2011. Limited integration has stifled the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region's significant potential for economic growth and job creation. Home to 5.5 percentage of the world's population and 3.9 percentage of the world's Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the region's share of … ), The Politics and Administration in East Africa, Nairobi: Konrad Adenauer Foundation, pp. (June 1, 2010). “What-When-How”, accessed from. “Customs Unions”, accessed from. “Raila Urges Gaddafi to Surrender”. Whereas regional integration has its benefit, so are the challenges associated with free mobility of goods and services within member states. 15, No. (April 1, 2011). In 1905 a currency board was established, creating a common currency for the East Africa Protectorate (which became the British colony of Kenya in 1922) and the Uganda Protectorate. Kithure, K. (2007). Bohwasi, P. (November 8, 2006). “Scrap EAC Non-Tariff Barriers, Says Kagame”, accessed from. This is a preview of subscription content. (2008). That is not unexpected since the region comprises an array of historically developed the challenges facing the eastern african community in conflict intervention: a study of eastern african standby force (easf) as regional security mechanism ligawa william oluoch c50/nku/pt/22755/2012 a thesis submitted to the school of humanities and social sciences in … Bowman, A. (1989). “An Evaluation of the Implementation and Impact of the EAC Custom Union”, EAC Report, March 2009. Unable to display preview. “Gaddafi Says Nigeria Should Split into Several States”, accessed from. “Africa Regional Blocs: Unifying or Dividing?”, The African Executive, Zimbabwe Opportunities Industrialization Centres (ZOIC). Regional integration in Africa : Challenges and prospects* A contribution to the Handbook of Africa and Economics Jaime de Melo Yvonne Tsikata Abstract Political motives, geography, and the uneven distribution of gains trumped the traditional efficiency gains across Africa’s Regional Economic Communities (RECs). Ligami, C. (2009). The European Union has a series of languages that it deems to … “Nyerere and I”, accessed from, McGowan Lee (May 25, 2007). Makerere University, Kampala. (Solved) Give the challenges encountered by African Union(AU). (November 9, 2010). Others are skeptical of the initiatives hence low, the secretariat said. The name, "Great Lakes Region" was derived from the fresh water lakes and river basins within the Central and Eastern part of Africa.However, the term now refers to a region with interlinked conflicts and common fundamental problems that emanate from pos… “Turkey and Greece, Part 1: The Aegean”, Foreign Policy Association, accessed from, Croome, P. (March 26, 2011). Especially strong integration -- like the European Union -- can lead to the loss of unique minority cultures within a region. Gathi J. Thuo (2009). (Solved) Explain the achievements of The East Africa Community(EAC)-2001. “International Business: Themes and Issues in the Modern Global Economy”, accessed from. “Regional Cooperation for African Development: Proceedings of the East African PWPA” in A. Nsimbambi and T. Wangusa (ed.). Regional cooperation can take different forms which depend on the objectives of the states that are involved.1 States may want to come together for economic reasons or even further to form a political alliance or union. Lugongo, B. “Give The EAC an Efficient Transport System and Free Trade to Eradicate Poverty”. Omoro, A. “For European Recovery: The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Marshall Plan”, accessed from, Custom Union Protocol (2009). Ongiri, I. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional organization that has over time initiated the processes geared towards increasing economic integration to encourage free mobility of labor, goods and services. gender profiles of partner states of the East African Community (EAC) within the context of regional integration (chapter 1), and analyses the impact of EAC regional integration on women’s well-being with a focus on women’s employment (chapter 2). 3 June 2010. Mutiga, M. (August 25, 2011). 7 Make regional integration in Africa work… better. “Federalism and East African Community Integration Process: the Role of the East African Legislative Assembly”, A paper presented at CIGI/GARNET conference, September. Google Scholar 2011”, The East African Standard. Inadequate political will and commitment to the process; high incidence of conflicts and political instability; poor design and sequencing of regional integration arrangements; multiplicity of the schemes; inadequacy of funding; and exclusion of key stakeholders from the regional integration process are factors accounting for the ineffectiveness. Despite these challenges, East Africa has a significant irrigation potential that remains unexploited. In spite of these challenges, the economic gains from further trade integration are potentially large if integration contributes to economic transformation and inclusive development. 3, pp. The small, sparsely tional challenges and prospects to regional integration organizations in Africa have a paradigm shift to the integration process, secondly the regional integration in Africa have challenges and prospects to realizing the African dream of economic integration and thirdly the challenges and the Case Study of Kenya”, Working Paper 9, January 2009. Organization of African Unity (OAU). Obbo O. Charles (May 2011). “The Extension of the European Security Community to the Periphery”, A NATO Fellowship final report, National Defence College, June 2000. Ahmadou, N. (July 28, 2010). Adar G. Korwa and M. Ngunyi (1992). Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. More focused and gradual steps that are carefully executed at the domestic level may be the best place to start. Langehove, L. (2008). “The politics of Integration in East Africa Since Independence” in Walter O. Oyugi (ed. Hass B. Ernest (October 2004). “Economic Partnerships”, accessed from, Custom Union Protocol (2009). “The Neofunctionalists Were (almost) Right: Politicization and European Integration”, accessed from, Johnson, D. and C. Turner (June 19, 2010). The key challenges include: inadequate and poor regional infrastructure network, water scarcity and difficulty in managing shared water resources, weak institutions and human capacity, and insecurity and political instability. “EAC Monetary Union Dogged by Technicalities. “The Creation of the OAU”, Africa Unbound Magazine, accessed from. Nsimbambi, A. “The politics of Integration in East Africa Since Independence” in Walter O. Oyugi (ed.). History shows that many states across the globe enter into regional agreements for economic purposes. Mwamunyang, J. 37.1.206.76. The Challenges of Regional Integration for Development in Africa: Problems and Prospects. In reality the question of regional integration is also related to an extraordinary variety of economic, political and socio-cultural issues. Both descriptive and quantitative analyses are … Kamau, S. (June 12, 2011). Not logged in Onyango-Obbo, C. (2011). (June 2000). “The Potential Role of the EAC in promoting Constitutionalism in the Region”. “Theorizing European Integration: Revisiting Neo-functionalism and Testing its Suitability for Explaining the Development of EC Competition Policy”, accessed from, Mengisteab, T. (June 15, 2011). Kamanyi, J. and Trade Division, UNECA. Mugisa, E., C. Onyango and P. Mugoya (). “Museveni, AU Toothless in Libyan Crisis, Say Critic”, accessed from, Custom Union Protocol (2009). “African Regional Trade Agreements as Flexible Legal Regimes”, Albany Law School, Working Series Paper No. (2007). Jan Vanheukelom, Senior Adviser, and Bruce . 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